Computer Parts Explained 


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer

We will have family with computer but do you know the different parts inside the computer such as motherboard, ram, hard drive etc. we will learn about different parts inside the computer.

We all know that monitor displays the program run on the computer so this make it the main output device and we use keyboard and mouse to give inputs to the computer so that makes it the main input devices. so we are going to learn about the other important parts of the computer.

Case


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


First let's look at case even though we call it as the cpu it is actually a case that holds the processor and other components of the computer we also call it as the computer cabinet now let's take a look inside it. for most computers the side panel can be removed like this it may have some screws you can now see the different parts inside the computer the main function of the cab net is to provide an enclosure for all components stored inside it.

Mother Board


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


Let's look at the motherboard this is the component that connects other parts inside the computer it is a circuit board with many slots and ports the motherboard is the most important part because without it all the other components will not have a place to fit into all ports which we use to connect parts such as the monitor keyboard and mouse are actually directly connected to the motherboard the type of motherboard that inside your computer determines how advanced the other parts can be now let's understand some common terms we use for the parts inside the computer.

Cpu

central processing unit
is the processor of the computer.

Ram

Random access memory.
Is the memory of the computer.

Hard drive

Hard Drive is storage and graphic card commonly known as gpu or graphics processing unit.

CPU 


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


Cpu is often referred as the brain of the computer it is directly connected to the motherboard all tasks we do on a computer are processed inside the cpu cpu are capable of doing multiple things at the same time it reads large amount of data quickly arrange it and perform massive calculations to run your programs even though it looks small cpus are very expensive some common examples of cpu includes intel core i3 i5 i7 etc. there is also cpus from other companies like amd called ryzen 3, 5 , 7 and so on as the cpu is being used it can get very hot in order to keep it cool we use a heat sink that draws away the heat and there is a fan on the top that blows the air away.

Ram


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


Now let's talk about ram it holds the short term informations that can be accessed quickly ram look like small thin sticks that are attached to the rams lot in the motherboard every program that are running currently in the computer uses the ram when we turn off the computer all the data stored in the ram disappears this is why we save our data in the hard drive.

Hard Drive 


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


Hard drive is a place where we can store files as long as we want all your files pictures movies and installed programs will be stored here all data saved in the hard drive will stay there even when the computer is turned off hard drive is considerably slower than ram but it can store large amount of data now.

Let's look how hardware and ram works together?

When you run a program the cpu identifies which part of the data are needed for the program to run it pulls those data from the hard drive and store them into the ram this is done so that the program run quickly because ram is faster than the hard drive when you open a game or program it shows as a loading screen because the data that composes the game is being loaded from the hard drive to the ram finally when you save the game it gets saved into the hard drive so that you will not lose the data the basic difference is that ram allows you to run program and hardware allows you to have these programs installed and also allow you to have more data that these programs are using like pictures videos etc.

Graphic Cards


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


Now let's look at the graphic card any task that you done on the computer get converted to 0 and 1 and the output will be shown to us in the display your motherboard will be able to convert the zeros and ones to image that you can view in the screen but it is not powerful enough to show your high quality games and videos.

This is where we use graphic card?

Graphic card is actually a computer by itself which has the purpose of displaying the contents in the monitor when you play a game with loads of 3d visuals the cpu is responsible for creating that wall using data from the ram which was actually loaded from the hard drive but it is the graphic card that makes the 3d world looks like 3d based on where your character is standing inside the game we also need graphic card for video editing and creating 3d designs to give power to all these components including keyboard mouse we need power supply.

Power Supply 


Computer Full Parts Explained - What are the electrical devices in the computer


The power supply is a part that connects directly to the power socket on the wall its purpose is to provide us electricity for all other components this concludes the basic parts of the computer there are also other parts like printer webcam and other accessories which are not necessary for the normal work of a computer hope you will find the information useful.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post